Father of computer science Alan Turing issued royal pardon 59 years after his death
British mathematician and computer scientist Alan Turing was convicted of “gross indecency” in 1952, before being sentenced to chemical castration. Turing — who was instrumental in cracking the Nazi Enigma code during World War II and designed ACE, one of the world's first stored-program computers — received the conviction for his homosexuality, and underwent a series of injections that left him impotent and growing breasts. The pardon was granted under the Royal Prerogative of Mercy after a request from Chris Grayling, the British government's Justice Minister, and comes after a lengthy campaign to secure an apology for Turing's treatment. In 2009, a petition requesting a pardon prompted then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown to issue an apology for Turing's “appalling” persecution.
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